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Fabric Texture Lesson for CG Artists || Batik

Batik Texture

How it’s Made

The batik fabric texture is created from a special technique of resist dyeing which was first used in Indonesia. Before dyeing the fabric is pile-spread with wax. The waxed areas remain in the original color while the rest of the fabric adopts the dyeing color. To get the typical veined effect to the design the wax is cracked. Today, it is largely produced in an industrial way.

Where it’s Used

Fabrics with the traditional batik patterns are found in (particularly) Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, China, Azerbaijan, India, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, and Singapore.

Fabric Texture from Dyes

Traditional colours include indigo, dark brown, and white, which represent the three major Hindu Gods (Brahmā, Visnu, and Śiva). This is related to the fact that natural dyes are most commonly available in indigo and brown. Certain patterns can only be worn by nobility; traditionally, wider stripes or wavy lines of greater width indicated higher rank.

blue batik fabric texture for 3D CG animators

batik1

fabric texture batik for cg

 

Fabric Textures: Barkcloth

Fabric Textures: Barathea

barathea-texture-fabric

Fabric Textures for 3D Artists: Reference Photos & Study of Materials


This post will be a list of fabrics that I will eventually post individual articles about. Each will include information about the fabric along with textures that I personally picked out from google, and some that I edited to make them easier to grab & use.

In my experience in 3D texturing, I have always found it to be a process to find fabric images that are useful (fabric thats not all scrunched up or too small, blurry) and also to be exactly what you had in mind. All that searching can get tiring, but nothing should be allowed to get in the way of your creative vision! Being able to get the right texture for a fabric can say a thing or two about the character or environment you use it in!

 

  • Is it an expensive fabric, like cashmere or silk?
  •  Or is it common like cotton?
  • Do they care about the quality of what they own?
  • Is the fabric really outdated, like an old person/place might have?
  • Is the fabric good for warm or cold weather climates?
  • Is it modern or vintage?
  • Are the patterns or fabrics faded like they have been worn many times, or brand new off the shelf?
  • Is the sweater pilling?
  • Is it the highest thread count?
  • Is the fabric dirty?

 


So many questions to ask and opportunities to make the most out of your selection when texturing a character or model. You’re putting in the effort to texture it, why not let your fabric do some of your storytelling and let it work for you!

To make it even easier for you to find the perfect material, I decided to try and hunt for those photos for you. I tried to find a couple good quality examples of each so that we’ll get a good base for fabric texture references. If you are looking for a type of fabric and don’t know what it is, or can’t find it… post a comment! I will try and do the work for you.

Here’s what fabrics I have collected so far:

 

Barathea
Barkcloth